Since he’s the Spirit of God, that means the Holy Spirit has been around all throughout the biblical story. He was clearly active and involved in God’s work of redemption in the OT:

  • You see him right at the beginning hovering over the waters of creation 
  • He empowers the craftsmen who build the tabernacle
  • He anoints kings and prophets (David prays in ps. 51 for God not to take his Spirit from him) 

But it seems like it’s a pretty spectacular thing - big deal - when he comes on the Day of Pentecost. So what’s the difference between the Spirit’s role in the OT versus now? 

The OT prophets promised there’d come a day when God’s spirit would come in a fuller, grander, more widespread way: 

  • Joel 2:28-32
  • Ezek 36:27
  • Isaiah 44:3

And the New Testament describes the Christian life is life in the Spirit:

  • The Holy Spirit renews us--Titus 3:5
  • The Holy Spirit seals us as belonging to God--Eph. 1:13; 4:30
  • The Holy Spirit is the guarantee of our resurrection--  Eph 1:14; Rom. 8:9-11
  • The Holy Spirit helps us resist sin--Rom. 8:13
  • The Holy Spirit empowers us for godliness and ministry – Eph. 3:16
  • The Holy Spirit produces the fruit of Chrislikeness in us – Gal. 5:22-23
  • The Holy Spirit testifies that we are children of God – Rom. 8:15-16; Gal. 4:6
  • The Holy Spirit helps us pray – Rom. 8:26-27; Eph. 6:18
  • The Holy Spirit helps us understand God's love – Rom. 5:5 

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